Tourism is under quarantine due to the coronavirus, 100% of the world's countries have imposed travel restrictions and losses are calculated according to figures from the UNWTO World Tourism Organization at 1.2 trillion dollars, equivalent to 1.5 % of world gross domestic product (GDP) in the last four months.
The Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Mexico, Colombia and Argentina are among the most affected in Latin America by tourism restrictions and Spain and Italy among the most affected European countries.
But how have tourism restrictions affected the female economy taking into account the high participation of women in the sector?
The Woman Post made an analysis of female participation in global tourism and the case of three countries such as Mexico, Spain and Italy today, highly affected by the restrictions of the pandemic.
At the end of 2019, the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), in collaboration with UN Women, the German Society for International Cooperation (GIZ), the World Bank Group and Amadeus, concluded in a study that 54% of the workforce in world tourism is female and despite their contribution the wage gap continues to increase. Women earn 14.7% less than men who work in the sector, the representation of them being less.
Tourism is estimated to offer women more opportunities for leadership positions: 23% of global tourism ministries are headed by women, compared to 20.7% of ministries overall.
In addition, the report also highlights that more and more women are challenging gender stereotypes in the sector and highlights how technology has also been a catalyst for empowerment, offering women more training opportunities and stimulating entrepreneurship through easier access to the tourist market.
But what is currently happening with the global crisis facing tourism due to the COVID19 pandemic?
The countries most affected by the pandemic and women at the center of the problem
The World Economic Forum recently published the list of the tourist countries most affected by the pandemic, based on statistics from STATISTA. The case of Mexico, Spain and Italy show a clear impact on the female economy as a consequence of the restrictions imposed on tourism.
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